Pair Bonding

pair bonding

when two organisms bond

may refer to a maiting pair

or people becoming close

-can lead to mating pair but not required



In biology, a pair bond is the strong affinity that develops in some species between a mating pair, often leading to the production and rearing of offspring and potentially a lifelong bond. Pair-bonding is a term coined in the 1940s[1] that is frequently used in sociobiology and evolutionary biology circles. The term often implies either a lifelong socially monogamous relationship or a stage of mating interaction in socially monogamous species. It is sometimes used in reference to human relationships.



pair bonding

Pair bonding refers to the development of a strong, long-term, and intimate relationship between two individuals, often in the context of romantic love or mating. In humans, pair bonding typically involves a commitment to a monogamous relationship, where the two individuals remain together for an extended period of time, sometimes for life.

Pair bonding is often associated with a number of psychological and physiological changes in both partners, including increased levels of attachment, trust, and bonding hormones such as oxytocin and vasopressin. These changes are thought to play an important role in strengthening the emotional and physical bond between the two partners, and in maintaining the stability and longevity of the relationship.

Pair bonding is observed not just in humans, but also in many other animal species, including birds, rodents, and primates. In these species, pair bonding often involves the formation of a strong social bond between two individuals that lasts beyond the mating period and may involve shared parental care.


There are several types of pair bondings that can occur in different species, including:

  1. Monogamous Pair Bonding: This type of pairing involves two individuals that mate and remain together exclusively for a long period of time or for life. This is common in certain bird species, such as swans, and some mammals, such as gibbons.
  2. Serial Monogamy: This involves individuals forming exclusive pair bonds for a period of time before ending the bond and forming a new bond with another individual. This is common in humans, where individuals may have several long-term relationships over the course of their lives.
  3. Social Monogamy: This type of pairing involves two individuals that live together and share resources, such as a nest or territory, but may still mate with other individuals. This is common in many bird species, such as the blue-footed booby.
  4. Promiscuity: This involves individuals that do not form long-term bonds and mate with multiple partners. This is common in many animal species, such as chimpanzees.
  5. Polygyny: This involves one male mating with multiple females and forming a bond with each of them. This is common in many bird and mammal species, such as lions.
  6. Polyandry: This involves one female mating with multiple males and forming a bond with each of them. This is less common but can be found in some bird species, such as the jacana.


A lot of way off videos

and other things

I am surprised at it

Pair bonding needs a very solid definition

and more looking around

have fun

See also[edit]

Yall have a good day


remember pair bonding is not other things

those are different

it feels like a place holder of a point

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